What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a chronic disease leading to progressive damage to the nerve fibres which make up the optic nerve.
Our eyes contain a transparent fluid called aqueous humour, whose main function is to carry nutrients to the cornea and the lens and remove waste products. It is formed behind the iris, flows forward through the pupil, and drains out in an area between the cornea and the front surface of the iris, from which it leaves the eye flowing into the venous blood stream.
The aqueous humour is also involved in the regulation of intraocular pressure: if the flow rate increases (overproduction) or drainage is obstructed (impaired drainage) intraocular pressure increases. In the long run, this can lead to severe damage to the retina and the nerve fibres of the optic nerve that carry light stimuli to the brain.
Regulation of IOP (intraocular pressure)
Several new eye pressure-lowering drugs have been introduced over the last few years. Depending on the active ingredient of the medication, eye drops may be administered once or twice a day, according to the physician’s instructions. The goal of the therapy is to keep the IOP under control 24 hours a day.
At the Switzerland Eye Research Institute of Lugano, based on the long-standing experience and international reputation of its founder Dr Roberto Pinelli, you can receive professional advice and discuss the best treatment options for glaucoma with well-known specialists in ophthalmology.