What is diabetic retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is a retinal condition that derives from the complications faced by sufferers of diabetes mellitus. Other causes include prolonged use of cholesterol-lowering statins.
How is diabetic retinopathy detected?
Preventive screening and early diagnostic tests are particularly effective in the timely diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy. The disease is caused by diabetes-induced damage to retinal blood vessels (microangiopathy, or small vessel disease), which in turn leads to insufficient blood and oxygen supply to some areas of the retina.
How can it be treated effectively?
Treatment options for diabetic retinopathy include:
– laser retinal photocoagulation;
– intravitreal injections of specific drugs (such as Aflibercept) which can stimulate the proliferation of new arteries and veins and favour a healthy growth of blood vessels;
Under the scientific guidance of its founder Dr Roberto Pinelli, the Switzerland Eye Research Institute of Lugano offers treatment and care services fordiabetic retinopathy.